From the Delta to the D – the Real New Jack City

detroit true crimeThe rags-to-riches tale of the Chambers brothers, seven siblings who migrated to the Motor City from less than meager beginnings in the Deep South, plays out like a Hollywood movie script. The first member of the Chambers family set foot in Detroit in the early 1970s, and they would keep coming until the middle of the next decade. They were ambitious souls in search of prosperity in any form, ready to take it by any means necessary. It took a little while, but by 1985 the Chambers family had gone from growing up dirt poor, without indoor plumping in rural Arkansas, to becoming multi-millionaires living a life of luxury and excess while ruling the Detroit underworld’s narcotics industry with almost corporate acumen and efficiency.

Sent to prison in 1988, the Chambers brothers and their gang of Southern recruits, credited by some with being the first group in the city to start selling crack cocaine, left a rich and heavily layered legacy. All bearing an eerie resemblance to one another with their wide foreheads, very dark skin, and short, stout frames, the Chambers boys transcended the drug game to become cultural influences and pseudo-pop culture icons. Anybody who is a fan of the movie New Jack City or the New Jack Swing music genre of the early 1990s pays homage to the Chambers crew-primary inspirations for the term “New Jack” itself and everything it represented.

It all started in 1987 when Barry Michael Cooper, at that time an investigative reporter for The Village Voice, came to Detroit to do a story on the city’s drug trade. He contacted well-known sociologist Carl Taylor, a native Detroiter who taught at Michigan State University and lived in East Lansing, and Taylor pointed him toward the Chambers gang, which he spent several weeks in the Motor City observing first-hand. What Cooper ended up witnessing was documented in an award-winning feature for The Village Voice titled, “New Jack City Eats Its Young.”

The article spawned a movement, the term “New Jack” going on to represent a substantial shift in urban youth culture and a blending of music, film, dance and fashion.

Inspired by Cooper’s words, Harlem-based recording artist and producer Teddy Riley created the “New Jack Swing” sound, a late-80s and early-90s music genre fusing rap, jazz, traditional R&B and hip-hop. Within months, The Village Voice piece was optioned for a movie and became the 1991 gangster classic, New Jack City, starring Wesley Snipes as flamboyant and diabolical drug kingpin Nino Brown, a character partially based on one of the Chambers brothers and his methods of operation. Although the new sound and the popular film–scripted by Cooper himself-were based in New York, the roots of both were unquestionably seeded in Detroit with the Chambers gang and everything it stood for. A career-making, nationally televised speech by a then unknown Arkansas governor named Bill Clinton, delivered at the 1988 Democratic Convention, further ingrained the Chambers family into the fabric of that time by citing their rise and fall as an example of the criminal ingenuity being displayed by the nation’s youth and the severity of the country’s crack epidemic.

“I don’t believe that family [the Chambers brothers] came up North to become criminals, but that’s what they became,” said Carl Taylor. “They came to Detroit to better themselves, get jobs in the plants, find a better life. When they realized that they couldn’t sustain that dream or that certain variables prevented them from attaining it, things got twisted real fast and they turned to making a living on the street. Obviously, they were pretty good at it.”

Taylor points to the gang’s ability to find success in spite of the fact that the Chambers boys and their crew were viewed by most as outsiders, interlopers from the South with a country mentality. “What they did was rare in the sense that these young men were outsiders and they were able to come in without any real help from the Detroit homeboys and basically take over a huge part of the city just for themselves,” Taylor noted. “These were country boys and guys around here kind of dismissed them as hayseeds and didn’t really give them the time of day at first. But it wasn’t long before that all changed and the locals were forced to give them their respect because they [the Chambers brothers] were a force of nature in that once they got going, their operation was rolling and constantly growing.”

When the final curtain closed on the gang and its antics, the Chambers brothers’ organization was the most lucrative street-level drug dealing operation in U.S. history up until that time. The Chambers family took the whole city by storm. Detroit had never seen anything like this batch of southern-raised sin-spinners. These young men might not have come to the city thinking they would turn it on its head. But they did. Boy, how they did.

This is an excerpt from The Detroit True Crime Chronicles. Available at www.Amazon.com

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